In maritime or boating scenarios, your safety may depend on the ability to signal distress during the day.
There are three daytime visual distress signals you should know about because they significantly increase the chance of being seen by rescuers.
1️⃣ Orange smoke signals are only acceptable for daylight use because you cannot see the smoke at night. These are pyrotechnic types of flares.
2️⃣ Handheld mirrors reflect the sun’s light in the direction of another boat to get their attention, meaning they don’t work at night.
3️⃣ Sea dye marker forms a visible patch for aerial or maritime detection, but it’s ineffective in dark or low-visibility conditions.
Daytime Visual Distress Signals
Daytime visual distress signals are designed to alert others that you require assistance while it’s light out. Your primary goal should be visibility and recognition, ensuring that vessels and rescue personnel can recognize any signals you use.
Types of Daytime Pyrotechnic Signals
Daytime pyrotechnic signals generally include:
- Red Meteors: A type of marine flare that is visible during both daylight and nighttime and capable of reaching high altitudes.
- Orange Smoke Signals: Specifically designed for daytime use, they emit a thick cloud of orange smoke that is highly visible against the sky and on the water.
There are two types of orange smoke signals that you can use, namely hand-held and floating canisters.
Safe Use of Pyrotechnics
When handling pyrotechnic signals, safety is paramount. Always read the manufacturer’s instructions before use.
Keep them dry and stored in a cool, well-ventilated space on your boat. Ensure that they are easily accessible in an emergency but away from any potential ignition sources.
Types of Non-Pyrotechnic Daytime Signals
Non-pyrotechnic signals are critical because they have a more prolonged use life and are less risky to handle than pyrotechnics. The following are U.S. Coast Guard-approved:
Orange Distress Flag: A large flag with a black square and ball on an orange background, it is easily spotted during the day.
Sea Dye Marker: An environmentally safe dye is put into the water to create a visible patch from the air or sea.
Signaling Mirror: A hand-held distress signaling mirror is a compact, reflective device used in distress to attract attention by reflecting sunlight.
An electric distress light, although useful, is not considered an official signal of distress in daylight, as per the USCG. However, if you have one on board, I’d still suggest you activate it as a supplemental signal.
Legislation and Requirements
It’s important to understand these regulations and mandatory requirements regarding emergency beacons to ensure safety and compliance when you’re at sea.
U.S. Coast Guard Regulations
The USCG mandates that all boats operating in U.S. coastal waters, the Great Lakes, and territorial seas, as well as those on the high seas, must carry U.S. Coast Guard-approved visual distress signals.
Boats owned in the United States used on the high seas also need to be equipped with compliant distress signal devices.
|Must carry USCG-approved visual distress signals when operating between sunset and sunrise.
|An orange flag meeting 46 CFR 160.072 standards is required.
|An electric distress light conforming to 46 CFR 161.013 standards is compulsory for use during the night.
Under international law, vessels must carry visual distress signals that conform to global standards. SOLAS Compliance: SOLAS-compliant signals, such as parachute or hand flares, often exceed the minimum USCG requirements for safety and visibility.
The type and quantity of visual distress signals you need vary depending on your vessel’s length and the waters where you are boating.
Under 16 Feet: Boats less than 16 feet in length must carry approved visual distress signals for night-time use.
16 Feet and Over: Boats 16 feet or longer must carry visual distress signals for daytime and nighttime use.
Expiration and Disposal
Visual distress signals have expiration dates, typically 42 months from the date of manufacture.
- Check Expiration: You must check the expiration dates and ensure they are current.
- Proper Disposal: Expired signals must be disposed of in a manner that complies with environmental regulations. Contact your local waste authority or the USCG for guidance.
⚠️ Remember: Carrying and properly using visual distress signals is a legal requirement essential for your safety.
When equipping your vessel with daytime visual distress signals, it’s essential to have access to educational resources and literature that provide comprehensive guidance. Knowing the regulations and usage of these safety devices ensures that you’re prepared in the event of an emergency at sea.
Training and Education
For detailed instructions and safety protocols related to visual distress signals, the BoatUS Foundation offers education and training specifically on the different types that meet US Coast Guard requirements.
For instance, 160.021 refers to hand red flares with a luminosity of 500 candela, which are essential for signaling distress.
Training can include properly storing, handling, and deploying devices such as the 160.028 signal pistol for red parachute flares, ensuring your readiness to use them correctly.
|USCG Approval Numbers
|Hand Red Flare – 500 Candela
|Signal Pistol for Red Parachute Flare
|Hand Held Red Parachute Flare
|Red Aerial Pyrotechnic Flare
The USCG provides a detailed breakdown of approved devices. Where you can familiarize yourself with equipment such as the 160.036 hand-held red parachute flare and the 160.066 red aerial pyrotechnic flare. This literature is crucial for understanding the nuances of each device’s capabilities and limitations during daylight hours.
These materials often include foundation findings that delve into the practical usage of daytime visual distress signals, their effectiveness, and the reasoning behind the Coast Guard’s regulations, enriching your knowledge and preparation.